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We partnered with the Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA) to come up with tips to help you host a safe kayaking experience. These are best practices, but you’re the expert on the activities you lead. A great Host always thinks about what more they can do to keep everyone safe. 

Set the right expectations

If there are health, fitness, or other requirements needed to safely enjoy the experience, make this clear in your experience’s description. This includes providing details about the length of time, exertion and fitness required, and skill levels needed.

Here’s a guide from the ATTA to help you communicate to guests what skill level is needed for your kayaking experience: 


  • Beginner: Flat-water kayaking in protected waters (Beaufort Force 2 and below). Wind and waves will be minimal. No skill required, intro to kayaking. Guests should expect to be introduced to wet-exits and basic safety procedures.
  • Intermediate: Kayaking in enclosed waterways with moderate exposure to wind and waves (up to Beaufort Force 3).  Some hazards in the environment will be managed by the Host (i.e. may have to take a very particular route through rocky areas or along a coast). Guests should have some ability to maneuver and balance the kayaks.
  • Advanced: Guest skill required to maintain balance and stability (up to Beaufort Force 4). Guests need skills that may require substantial stamina and technique to control and propel the boat into conditions. Kayak rolling skills are advisable.


  • Beginner: Guest should expect straightforward rapids with wide, clear self-evident channels (up to class II). Occasional maneuvering may be required, but rocks and medium-sized waves are easily avoided with basic maneuvers. Introduction to wet-exits and basic safety procedures. Capsizing and swimmers is possible, rivers tend to be low risk and swimmers are seldom injured.
  • Intermediate: Guests should expect rapids with moderate, irregular waves which may be difficult to avoid (class II-III). Some maneuvers in fast current requiring boat control are often required; waves or strainers may be present but are easily avoided. Guests should have some ability to maneuver and balance the kayaks. 
  • Advanced: Powerful but predictable rapids requiring precise boat handling in turbulent water (class IV). May encounter large, unavoidable waves and holes or constricted passages demanding fast maneuvers under pressure. Rapids may require “must make” moves above hazards. Guests should be familiar and comfortable in class III-IV.

Communicate with guests often

Once someone books, you can use Airbnb’s messaging system to introduce yourself and help your guests feel welcome and prepared. Check in with them to find out if they have any health concerns that may affect their participation. This may be anything from a food allergy to a heart condition. Make sure you’re clear on what modifications you’re able or willing to make to accommodate them. Let guests know that you’re available to answer any questions. 

You should create an experience where your guests feel comfortable asking questions at any point. Try to anticipate common points of concern (such as how to use the bathroom on your experience, expectations for interaction with others, etc.). Provide your guests with a list of what they’ll need ahead of time. For kayaking, that may include clothing layers, a change of clothes, appropriate shoes, a hat, sunglasses (with a strap) and sunscreen. Address any concerns outright–and make yourself available to attend to these and any others questions throughout your experience. 

Listen with patience and authentic concern, and try to put yourself in your guests shoes. This could include practical matters like if there will be food, snacks, or water provided, if they should bring their own water bottle, and what bathroom facilities are available. Try to address these concerns before guests have to ask. What may seem normal to you may be difficult or fear-inspiring for your guests, so your communication is key to a safe and enjoyable experience. 

Follow local regulations & check forecasts

You should have the local knowledge to know if and when it’s acceptable for you to guide and what rules or regulations apply to areas in which you may kayak. You should know the weather forecast, and the area well enough to be able to anticipate the conditions.

Give a pre-experience briefing

Before you set out on your experience, make sure they’re clear on what you’ll be doing. Now is the time to check that your guests have all the food, water, and gear that they’ll need during the experience. 

Since some guests may be out of their comfort zone, they may need more of certain items than a local would, so if you can anticipate these needs, you can make the experience even better.

Provide the right gear

If you’re providing gear for your guests, it should be in good condition, clean and dry, and fit each guest properly. For kayak touring, the kayak must have positive flotation, through sealed hatches or float bags. Consider providing kayaks with rudders to help the guest steer without difficulty. If guests bring their own gear (a personal floatation device, for example),  make sure it is suitable for this experience, it fits properly, and is in good shape. 

Other important considerations:

  • All lifejackets should be suitable for paddle sports. Local authorities (e.g. US Coast Guard or a state boating safety authority) may require specific certifications or approvals for life jackets. In the US, for example, approved Type-III or Type-V PFDs are suited for paddle sport. Fit is extremely important, so make sure all lifejackets are the right size, fit snugly, are fully-buckled, and remain fully-buckled. 
  • You should have clean dry bags for your guests to use, and make sure you have enough food and clean drinking water for your experience.  
  • For rescue scenarios in the intermediate levels and above, you’ll need a tow line and a knife for each host/co-host.
  • Transport vehicles and trailers should be safe, maintained, and clean, and comply with all local regulations. 

You should also carry (and know how to use) an extensive first aid kit for stabilizing an injured guest and safely evacuating them. 

Choose the right conditions, and prepare for the unexpected

Talk with your guests about the range of conditions you’ll encounter, including air and water temperature, wind, and any precipitation. Let guests know how they can best prepare for these, as well as unexpected but possible challenges. 

If you need to cancel an experience for an emergency, weather, or safety issues, no penalties will be applied. Learn more about the cancellation policy for Experiences 

Have an emergency action plan 

Make sure you have a clear itinerary and plan that all your guests understand. This should include specific info about what they should do if they become lost or injured. 

As a host, you can work to prevent some of the more common safety issues in outdoor travel by warning your guests about any hazards, teaching proper rapid swimming technique, and encouraging guests to follow directions.

You may want to have an emergency action plan that you’ve practiced and the means to evacuate a guest if the unexpected happens. If you’ll be more than an hour away from medical care, it’s best practice to have a Wilderness First Responder (WFR) or Wilderness Advanced First Aid (WAFA), along with CPR certification.  Find out more about making an emergency plan

Partner disclaimers

Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA): Courtesy of the Adventure Travel Trade Association. ©2021 Adventure Travel Trade Association. All rights reserved.

The Adventure Travel Trade Association (ATTA) name and logo are used with its permission, which in no way constitutes an endorsement or vetting of, express or implied, of any product, service, person, company, opinion or political position. The ATTA does not select or approve, and is not involved in the selection or approval of, Airbnb Experiences or hosts. For more information about the Adventure Travel Trade Association, visit adventuretravel.biz.